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HYBRID BROWN EGG LAYER
Red Sex-Link

BrownLayerPhoto

This is our most productive and efficent breed and is available as
Ready to Lay (RTL are 18-20
Weeks old), 4-8 weeks old
and as Dayold chicks

The Red Sex-Link is a top performing brown/red hybrid. Of all our brown egg layers, this is the lightest (about 3½ lbs. at 18 weeks and about 4½ to 5 lbs. after a year of laying), and the best feed converter, meaning it will cost you less to feed. Egg production at 72 weeks can reach 305 to 315 eggs. Recently, Red Sex-Link birds have done well in large free-range trials in the U.K. Females are reddish-brown in colour with white underfeathers. Males are mostly white and some may have a few brown markings on the feathers.

WHITE EGG LAYER LEGHORN
White Egg Layer
For customers who want white eggs, Leghorns will peak at 90%+ production and lay approximately 300+ eggs over a 12-month period. They will do this with a minimum of feed, and will weigh approximately 4 lbs. at end of lay. Leghorns are not as hardy and are more nervous and flighty than brown egg breeds.
DUAL PURPOSE BROWN EGG LAYERS
Black Sex-Link

This layer is one of the top egg producers of large brown eggs, and performs well in all types of conditions. The females are jet black with a bit of red tinge on the neck and breast. Female live weight is approximately 4 lbs. at 19 weeks, 5 lbs. at 30 weeks, and 5½+ lbs. at end of lay. Males are a dark barred colour, similar to Barred Rocks, and weigh approximately 1½ lbs. heavier than females. This bird’s black colour tends to absorb light, so we recommend brighter or more intense lighting for top egg production.

New Hampshire X

This cross produces a very hardy chick, as it springs from two of the oldest common breeds, which nick together exceptionally well. These are unusually quiet birds, and very attractive. Females have a beautiful red comb on a jetblack body laced with brown on the neck and breast. They lay a good-sized brown-shelled egg. Female live weight at maturity is 4+ lbs. and 6 lbs. at end of lay. Males are 11/2lbs. heavier and are similar to the Barred Rock males in colouring. Also note that in the NHX and BSL, up to 10% of the females may have a lot of red/brown feathering throughout. (See photo gallery)

Columbian Rock X

This proven crossbreed has been with us for over 40 years, and today bears the distinction of being one of the hardiest breeds to be found. These birds have a beautiful colour pattern. They are a good producer of quality brown eggs, a very quiet and docile bird in the laying pen, and good for the yard. Heavier than hybrids, live weight will be approximately 4 lbs. at 19 weeks and close to 6 lbs. at end of lay for females. Males are approximately 1½ lbs. heavier. Sexing accuracy guaranteed at 90%.

Red X

The robust hardiness of this dual purpose breed and its excellent performance have won wide approval for small flocks over the last 40 years. A very good producer of rich brown eggs, with good shell texture and interior quality. A good producer of eggs and meat, females weigh approximately 4 lbs. at 19 weeks, 5 lbs. by 30 weeks, and 6 lbs. at end of lay. Males are coloured similar to the Columbian Rock X and weigh approximately 1+ lbs. heavier than females.

Barred Plymouth Rock
This veteran of all the brown egg breeds is still available in quantity. For many years, they were almost extinct, as many poultry growers were carried away with the new crossbreeds. Every superior breed will prove its worth in the end, and these have made a comeback mainly because of their good meat qualities, combined with good brown egg production. People in the fly-tying business say that the Barred Plymouth Rock males carry the best “cape feathers” for that type of use. Both females and males are grey barred in colour, with the female being a bit darker. Females weigh approximately 4 lbs. at 19 weeks and 5-6 lbs. at end of lay. Males are 1-1½ lbs. heavier than females.
Rhode Island Red

This popular breed is used in most crossbred varieties available today. Its bloodlines flow in most brown egg breeds throughout the world. It is a good producer of large brown eggs, yet quiet and easy to handle. Both male and female are dark red/brown in colour. Live weights are comparable to other dual purpose breeds.

NOTE: Barred Plymouth Rocks and Rhode Island Reds are more difficult to sex at day old, so only 80% accuracy is guaranteed on sexing (no sexing guarantees on orders under 30). If no males are desired, we suggest selecting other breeds.

DAY OLD LAYER VARIETY

Looking for colour variety in your backyard layer flock? This option will give you an attractive assortment of brown egg layers. You will receive a mix of brown, yellow and black chicks – most likely 3 different breeds. Since several of our brown-egg breeds look very similar, this is a more economical option than ordering a few of each breed and paying the top price for each.

ORDER EARLY TO ENSURE THAT A VARIETY OF
BREEDS ARE STILL AVAILABLE!

HATCH DAY CHOICE

We choose the breed - YOU SAVE! (for Day-Olds Only)

If you want a brown egg layer but aren't fussy about the breed, Hatch Day Choice is for you. You will receive top-quality chicks at a discounted price when you allow us to fill your order with whatever breed(s) we have the most of on delivery date. Normally you receive a single breed. This is a win-win deal for everyone!

HEAVY DUAL PURPOSE /
SLOW GROWTH MEAT BREED
Frey's Special Dual Purpose

This breed is a combination of some of the heaviest dual purpose breeds still in existence. It was developed for those who want a hardy, healthy chicken with firm and flavourful meat. Mortality is very low in this breed, and weak legs and heart attacks are almost unheard of.

The females are a rusty red in colour and are generally quiet, but they are not recommended for growers wanting high egg production. The females will grow to approximately 6 lbs. live weight at about 15 weeks. As females approach maturity (15–20 weeks), they tend to put on fat, so if larger-size females are desired, we suggest a diet lower in protein and energy. Females between 10-14 weeks old are a favourite of the Asian community.

The males are white and may have dark markings on their backs. Males will be 7 to 8 lbs. live weight at 15 weeks.

As males mature they can have a tendency to fight and so keeping the ratio of males to females at 1 to 10 or lower will help. If you raise only males and want to keep them to an older age you can try darkening the pen and beak trimming.

HEAVY MEAT BREED
White Rock Cornish X (Broiler Roaster)
These extra heavy meat-type birds are bred for meat only. Their strength is in their efficient conversion of feed into meat. If purchased as non-sexed, the fighting of the males is reduced. Females will substitute well for capons. Cornish Game Hens are produced by growing females of this breed to 2 lbs. live weight (approximately 4-5 weeks). White Rocks are typically grown for 8-10 weeks, more or less if larger or smaller birds are desired. We will guarantee delivery of 100% live, healthy chicks, but we cannot accept responsibility beyond that point.

APPROXIMATE LIVE WEIGHTS OF WHITE ROCKS:

Age
Pullets (lbs.)
Cox (lbs.)
6 Weeks
4-5
5-6
7 Weeks
5-6
6.5-7.5
8 Weeks
6-7
8-8.75
9 Weeks
Up to 9.5

Why is it More Difficult Each Year to Grow
the White Rock Meat Bird?

White Rock growth rates have changed dramatically over the years:

• Average weight at 7 weeks of age in 1957 – 2 lbs.
• Average weight at 7 weeks of age in 1986 – 4½ lbs.
• Average weight at 7 weeks of age in 1999 – 6.3 lbs.
• Average weight at 7 weeks of age in 2009 – 6.8 lbs.

Unfortunately, the White Rock’s increased efficiency at feed conversion has not been matched by improvements in the
bird’s cardiovascular system (heart and lungs). Simply put, too often the bird’s heart and legs just can’t keep up with the rest of its body.

The sad result is an increased incidence of flip-over disease (Sudden Death Syndrome or heart attacks), and Acities (an accumulation of fluid in the body cavity) caused by right heart failure (RHF). For more technical information on these two conditions, we can supply you with fact sheets.

Flip-over disease seems to strike the healthiest and the biggest birds – especially the males. Most will be found on their backs. It can happen as early as 3 days of age, and any time after this.

Since these birds are already stressed internally by rapid growth, they are much more susceptible to environmental stresses than are other breeds. This has made them increasingly more difficult to raise. To maximize your chances of success, we suggest the following.

FEED RESTRICTIONS: Start the chicks on 20 or 22% chick starter. Once the birds have reached 5 to 6 weeks of age, feed restriction can be used to slow down growth and promote a healthier bird. Feed what the birds can eat in 20 to 30 minutes 2 to 3 times per day. *Caution must be used, as too little feed can leave the bird malnourished. A vitamin supplement in the water should be used during feed restriction. Be sure to have enough feeders so all birds can eat at the same time. White Rocks generally take from 2-2.5 lbs. of feed per 1 lb. of live body weight.

GROWTH: The older your raise them, the more feed per lb. of body weight they require. Birds may take longer to grow if given more space to move around and exercise, but may be healthier as well. If you see that your White Rocks are not growing as fast as they should, there may be a health problem.

SICKNESS: Any time you observe a snick or sneeze, or if your birds are looking droopy, you can give them a broad spectrum antibiotic powder mixed with their water. You can also use a "worming" powder/liquid to prevent worms from using up the nutrients in the feed the birds eat. Your birds will appear healthy even if they have intestinal worms, however they will not gain much weight.

LIGHTING: Start chicks with 24 hours of light for 4 days, then introduce a dark period. (Heat lamps must stay on.) When chicks reach 5 weeks of age, darkness can be increased. The period of darkness will reduce feed consumption as well as stimulate melatonin production. Melatonin is a hormone produced by the bird to help the immune system fight disease.

TEMPERATURE: Pay particular attention to the temperature guidelines in the Care and Comfort section of our website. If your birds are 5 weeks or older then add a vitamin supplement in the water when outside temperatures go above 80F / 27C. When temperatures hit 85F / 29C you can have a fan blowing directly on your birds.

AIR QUALITY: Air quality is very important in the prevention of Ascities. Poor ventilation, extreme temperatures, and spores from moldy litter can all affect the birds’ breathing. In chilly weather, it is better to supply extra heat and open a window than to subject the birds to a stuffy room with insufficient oxygen. If you have damp or wet litter/bedding, when the birds huddle together at night their body heat will react with the wet litter and cause poor air quality.

AN ALTERNATIVE: Consider raising our Frey’s Special Dual Purpose breed. They won’t grow as big or as fast as the White Rocks, but you should experience lower mortality and few health problems. Because the Frey’s Special Dual Purpose birds grow more slowly, many people find their meat to be firmer and more flavourful than that of the White Rock. However, if you have raised White Rocks in the past, then understand that you will not get close to the size of the White Rocks.